Wuxia can be crudely translated
as "chivalrous warrior", and is used
as an all-encompassing term to describe a genre of Chinese fiction that
deals with knight-errant martial artists in the "Jianghu", or the composite
fantasy world, as Eric Yin puts it, of "lumpen intelligentsia, adventurers, monks, priests, rebels, cultists, unemployed peasants and laborers, itinerant peddlers, beggars, disbanded soldiers, gangsters, smugglers, and other outcasts of society".